Credit Suisse, the Swiss bank, said on November 22 that UK households shed $ 1.5 trillion in wealth, based on its calculations on data at the middle of the year compared with the same time a year earlier.
A big factor behind the 10% drop was the weaker pound which reduced the value of British assets when priced into dollars, the bank said in latest global wealth report. The UK lost about one-sixth, or just over 400,000 of its millionaires.
The report is the seventh annual reading on international wealth trends by the Swiss banking giant, which had 725 billion Swiss francs ($ 719 billion) in assets under management at the end of the third quarter.
The latest results are noteworthy because they show some early fallout of the UK’s vote in June to leave the European Union, and underscore the persistent gap between rich and poor across the globe. They also highlight the central role fluctuating currencies have played on household balance sheets.
“The hit from Brexit is pretty enormous,” said Michael O’Sullivan, Credit Suisse’s Chief Investment Officer for International Wealth Management. The pound lost about 15% of its value against the dollar from mid-2015 to the middle of this year.
China also experienced a drop in wealth, though not as pronounced as Britain’s. Credit Suisse attributed the country’s $ 680 billion decline to declines in Chinese stock prices in addition to the yuan’s weakness against the dollar.
While the wealthy in Britain and China were the chief losers in the period Credit Suisse studied, the rich in Japan and the US were the big gainers.
The strong yen contributed to a nearly $ 4 trillion increase in household wealth in Japan, with the buoyant dollar helping increase US wealth by $ 1.7 trillion.
Globally, total wealth inched higher by 1.4% to $ 256 trillion, according to the Credit Suisse report. On a per-adult basis, average wealth declined 0.1% to $ 52,800. It was the third-straight year of broad stagnation after five years of strong growth following the global financial crisis in 2008.
“It confirms the secular stagnation story,” said Mr. O’Sullivan, referring to idea that the world economy is in for a long period of sub-par growth.
Meanwhile, the richest of the rich accounted for more than half of the world’s wealth in 2016, extending a trend in place much of the last 15 years, according to Credit Suisse.
Such concentration of wealth has shown signs of sparking a political backlash around the world that has manifested itself in the Brexit vote, the election of Donald Trump as US president and rise of nationalist parties in parts of Europe.
The top 1% of households saw their share of the wealth pie increase to 51%, a slight increase from 2015 and up from around 45% during the global financial crisis. Around 33 million adults had wealth over one million dollars and accounted for over 45% of world total, Credit Suisse said.
In contrast, roughly 3.5 billion adults, three-quarters of the world’s adult population, had assets under $ 10,000. They accounted for just 2.4% of global wealth.
“It has been like this since the early 2000s,” said O’Sullivan, referring to the persistent gap between rich and poor. “This explains a lot in terms of the tensions it provokes.”
The data was compiled through June and includes financial assets including stocks and bonds, nonfinancial assets – mainly property – and subtracts debt.
Write to Brian Blackstone at firstname.lastname@example.org
This article was published by The Wall Street Journal